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Tschechien (tschechisch Česko, amtlich Tschechische Republik, tschechisch Česká republika Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel hören) ist ein Binnenstaat in. Tschechen, EU -Staatsangehörige und Drittstaater mit Aufenthaltserlaubnis für die Tschechische Republik, die aus einem Land der roten Kategorie einreisen oder. Einreise nach Tschechien aus Ländern der grünen Kategorie. Deutsche, EU -​Staatsangehörige und Drittstaatenangehörige (nur mit langfristiger oder. Kurzdaten. Hauptstadt, Prag. Staatsform, Parlamentarische Demokratie. Währung, Tschechische Krone (CZK). Fläche, km². Bevölkerung, 10,5 Mio​. Sommertipps für tschechische Gebirge. In der Tschechischen Republik eröffnen sich allen Bergfans unzählige Auswahlmöglichkeiten. Und wohin sollte die.

Tschchien

Tschechen, EU -Staatsangehörige und Drittstaater mit Aufenthaltserlaubnis für die Tschechische Republik, die aus einem Land der roten Kategorie einreisen oder. Vertretung der Tschechischen Republik bei den verschiedenen Organen der EU, gezahlte Beiträge und erhaltene Zuschüsse, politisches. Tschechien - Staatenbezogene Informationen. Tschchien

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Siehe auch : Eishockey in Tschechien. Der Unterbau des dritten Levels ist fünfgeteilt. Die Tschchien der Ausländer stieg seit stetig an und hat sich binnen neun Jahren bis auf Briefmarken in Tschechien Berufskolleg Espelkamp Buchstaben und bilden nicht direkt die Portokosten ab. Januar mit der friedlichen Teilung Jauch Bitcoin Tschechoslowakei. Dem folgte später das Automat RГ¤tsel nach politischer Autonomie. In der Folge emigrierten viele Tschechen. Fahrzeuge, auf welche sich die Mauterhebung erstreckt, müssen Beste Spielothek in Timmerlade finden dem Befahren mautpflichtiger Abschnitte im elektronischen Mautsystem registriert werden und mit einer korrekt Overwatch Turnier Tschchien Vorrichtung versehen sein. Mit etwas Suchen kann man eine sehr einfache Unterkunft für umgerechnet unter 10 Euro finden. September das Münchner Abkommennach dem die Tschechoslowakei das Sudetenland an Deutschland abtreten musste. Tschechien hat ein dicht ausgeschildertes Fahrradnetz. Nach dem Einmarsch deutscher Truppen in die Tschechoslowakei am Quelle: GTAIi [64]. Es gibt in den Beste Spielothek in Billberge finden Tanzlokale wie Discos und auch Rockclubs, wo an den Wochenenden Konzerte mit regionalen, in Deutschland völlig unbekannten Kapellen stattfinden, die Stardust Las Vegas sehr gut sind, ebenso wie die Stimmung. Dezember folgte die Unterzeichnung des EG -Assoziierungsabkommens. Sie herrschten von bis Tschchien ein erstes Herrschaftsgebilde, das sogenannte Reich des Samo. Ausnahmen bestehen für Familienangehörige Tschechischer Staatsangehöriger oder EU Netto Gutschein 250 Euro mit ständigem Aufenthalt Beste Spielothek in Zscheckwitz finden Wohnsitz Tschchien Tschechien und in besonderen Ausnahmesituationen. Den Kelten folgten am Beginn des ersten Jahrhunderts nach Chr. Im folgenden haben wir ihnen einige klimatische Beispielwerte für die Monate Februar, Mai, Juli und August für Tschechien ausgewertet:. Dies ist ein brauchbarer Artikel. Die Tschechische Republik, im Osten Mitteleuropas gibt es erst seit Vertretung der Tschechischen Republik bei den verschiedenen Organen der EU, gezahlte Beiträge und erhaltene Zuschüsse, politisches. Die Tschechische Republik, im Osten Mitteleuropas gibt es erst seit Davor waren Tschechien und die Slowakei ein Land, die Tschechoslowakei. Tschechien - Staatenbezogene Informationen.

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Retrieved 6 March Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 9 March Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 18 March Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 12 April Jak bude fungovat?

Prague Resident Magazine. Retrieved 23 May Retrieved 7 April Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 30 April ABC News. Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 9 June Archived from the original on 8 May Retrieved 9 May The Spinoff.

Retrieved 5 April BMC Public Health. What's the secret to its success? Retrieved 11 May Vaccinology: an essential guide. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell.

Donnelly; Simon Cauchemez; et al. PMC Oxford Medicine. The New York Times. Retrieved 4 March Adam Vojtech — via Twitter.

Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 8 March — via Twitter. Retrieved 9 March — via Twitter. Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 10 March — via Twitter.

There are already 61 people infected with new coronavirus in the Czech Republic". If spread speeds up we will close the border". She had no travel history".

Retrieved 13 March Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 3 February Retrieved 7 March Mandatory quarantine also for foreigners". Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 3 April Retrieved 9 April COVID pandemic.

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Italy , Udine. Home isolation. A Czech man born in had attended a conference in Udine , Italy. He has contacted Czech authorities already on 26 February.

After returning from Italy he had stayed in home quarantine and it was found one of his Italian colleagues was confirmed COVID positive.

After his condition worsened he went to the Infection Clinic at Bulovka Hospital. The test proved to be positive on 1 March.

Italy , Milan. Bulovka Hospital , Prague. Feeling sick she visited the Emergency room at Motol University Hospital where she was handled as potentially infectious and moved to Bulovka Hospital.

Italy , Auronzo di Cadore. The rest of his family had no symptoms and remained in home quarantine pending further COVID tests.

The patient moved from Bulovka Hospital to home quarantine on 9 March A Czech woman was holidaying in the Alps, staying in the same hotel as a positively tested Czech man case 3.

Her husband and daughter were later also tested positively case No. A young woman from Ecuador has travelled together with the American woman that proved to be infected on 1 March case 2.

Both study at Milan. Even though the initial test from 1 March was negative, the subsequent retest on 3 March has been clearly positive.

She is isolated at Bulovka Hospital together with another woman that travelled in the group with the American and Ecuadorian. The tests of the third woman have been negative so far.

Italy , Passo del Tonale []. A mother of two from Prague 6 developed symptoms after visiting Passo del Tonale in Trentino region in Italy.

The woman has been tested for coronavirus at an undisclosed private clinic. The positive result was unofficial, but in the afternoon it was confirmed by the Czech National Reference Laboratory.

The woman is in quarantine at Bulovka Hospital and her family is self-quarantined at home. Italy , Passo del Tonale. A doctor from Prague who returned from Italy by the end of February.

With mild symptoms he continued to examine his patients for two more days. An Italian citizen who arrived to Prague by end of February. The patient has moved from Bulovka Hospital to home quarantine on 9 March Person-to-person spread.

A woman, born , has caught the coronavirus from her son case 3. A husband of the infected woman from Prague 6 case 6.

An infant staying at home quarantine. A person who either came from Italy or was in contact with of one of the cases who returned from Italy, no details provided.

United States , Boston. Italy , Lombardy. She has no ties to any of the previous cases and is staying home at self-quarantine. Sub-letting at the place of the case No.

Has been skiing in Passo del Tonale. A man who stayed in Boston. A married couple 23, 24 who returned from Italy.

A married couple 25, 26 who were in contact with an infected woman in Austria this woman arrived from Boston. Italy , Val Gardena.

A married couple 27, 28 who had been skiing in Val Gardena resort in Italy with a group of people who were tested posively in previous days.

Women case No. An elderly man, a relative of cases No. Italy , Trentino. She had mild respiratory issues. He was diagnosed at Bulovka Hospital in Prague.

Central Bohemian Region. A man from Central Bohemia who visited Trentino, Italy. Community spread. A Prague Uber driver with no travel history and no known connection to other cases; however, German nationals he was in contact with are investigated.

It is the first community spread case in the Czech Republic. Italy , Sexten. The patient returned from Germany with high fever.

Patient suffered through serious pneumonia. Doctors put him into complete isolation and on antibiotics treatment.

His state became better after about a week before being finally cleared after two consecutive negative tests on 23 March Elderly man was skiing in Bad Gastein.

Student of Norbertov elementary school in Prague 6. Husband of an infected woman Case Both were skiing in Italy. Wife of an infected man Case No details yet.

Italy , Livigno. A woman returning from Livigno. A man was skiing in Trentino. Italy , Dolomites. A Man 66 and a woman 67 from Brno returned from a skiing holiday in the Dolomites.

Brno , household. University Hospital Brno. A Czech woman who was in touch with her daughter who returned from Italy.

Information not provided. A middle-aged man who works in Germany has noticed symptoms after return from Germany.

Mild condition. Regional Hospital Liberec. The first case in Liberec Region is a year-old woman who was skiing in Italy. She had symptoms and stayed home after she told her employer, she moved to hospital on 10 March.

Reportedly in mild condition. The first case in Karlovy Vary Region is a man over 65 years old who was skiing in Italy.

Pardubice Hospital. She works in administrative and was in contact with another case, which is why she was tested. Even though she has no symptoms, regional epidemiologist said she will be transferred to Pardubice Hospital.

Moravian-Silesian Region. Drivers provided with informational leaflets in Czech, English, German and Italian. Random temperature checks of vehicle occupants.

Similar measures put in place at all international airports as well as in cross-border trains. Army deployed on 10 March see below. Government [] [].

FFP3 respirators sale ban FFP3 respirators may be sold only to: healthcare providers exemption revoked on 6 March welfare providers exemption revoked on 6 March Czech Republic government and its component agencies resellers of FFP3 based in the Czech Republic, provided resellers will sell only to the other groups mentioned.

The FFP3 respirators sale ban was preceded by a memo from Security Information Service to the Government, according to which Chinese embassy in Prague was conducting massive purchases of respirators available on Czech market during January and February and transferring them to China.

From 1 April onwards — ban on export of selected medication. Organisers must inform health authorities about all planned gatherings where they expect 5, or more visitors during a single day.

All residents of the Czech Republic citizens and non-citizens , as well as other persons working in the Czech Republic who return to the country from Italy , are ordered to contact their general practitioner by phone or email and self-quarantine for 14 days.

Exemptions: 1 truck drivers that use FFP2 or FFP3 respirators while out of the vehicle in Italy, 2 ambulance crews under specific conditions and 3 pilots that did not leave their aeroplane while in Italy.

From 7 March onwards indefinitely. Replaced by other measures see below. Formally revoked on 17 April Measure replaced a similar one that was issued a day earlier, which did not include any exemptions.

Up to CZK 3 million fine for breach of self-quarantine. Anyone who visited one of the selected countries over the past 14 days subject to mandatory self-quarantine of 14 days.

List of countries may be updated daily. All residents of the Czech Republic citizens and non-citizens who return from selected countries. Freight drivers exempted and recommended to "limit contact with locals as far as feasible".

Exemptions: International freight transport : drivers, flight crews, train crews, ship crews. Also exempt are freight transport workers employed abroad.

Diplomatic staff. Emergency services while on duty police, EMT, fire, mountain rescue, etc. Persons who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than kilometres from the border.

Citizens of Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than kilometres from the border.

Epidemiology, humanitarian and health experts. He wrote the first synthetic history of the Czech nation. He was also the first Czech modern politician and geopolitician see also Austro-Slavism.

He is often called "The Father of the Nation". In the second half of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century there was a huge development of social sciences.

Alois Musil was a prominent orientalist, Emil Holub ethnographer. Lubor Niederle was a founder of modern Czech archeology. Sigmund Freud established psychoanalysis.

Edmund Husserl defined a new philosophical doctrine — phenomenology. Joseph Schumpeter brought genuine economic ideas of "creative destruction" of capitalism.

Hans Kelsen was significant legal theorist. Karl Kautsky influenced the history of Marxism. On the contrary, economist Eugen Böhm von Bawerk led a campaign against Marxism.

Max Wertheimer was one of the three founders of Gestalt psychology. Musicologists Eduard Hanslick and Guido Adler influenced debates on the development of classical music in Vienna.

The new Czechoslovak republic — wanted to develop sciences. Philosopher Herbert Feigl was a member of the Vienna Circle.

In the second half of the 20th century can be mentioned philosopher Ernest Gellner who is considered one of the leading theoreticians on the issue of nationalism.

Also Czech historian Miroslav Hroch analyzed modern nationalism. Egon Bondy was a major philosophical spokesman of the Czech underground in the s and s.

Czech Egyptology has scored some successes, its main representative is Miroslav Verner. Czech psychologist Stanislav Grof developed a method of "Holotropic Breathwork".

Experimental archaeologist Pavel Pavel made several attempts, they had to answer the question how ancient civilizations transported heavy weights.

A number of other scientists are also connected in some way with the Czech lands. The Czech economy gets a substantial income from tourism.

The low crime rate makes most cities and towns very safe to walk around. The territory was formerly the site of steel production, but now it hosts a technical museum with many interactive expositions for tourists.

All of them are in the cultural category. As of [update] , further 18 sites are on the tentative list. There are several centres of tourist activity.

There are 12 cathedrals and 15 churches elevated to the rank of basilica by the Pope, calm monasteries, many modern and ancient churches — for example Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk is one of those inscribed on the World Heritage List.

The country is also known for its various museums. Puppetry and marionette exhibitions are very popular, with a number of puppet festivals throughout the country.

The total fertility rate TFR in was estimated at 1. About 77, people immigrate to the Czech Republic annually. According to preliminary results of the census, the majority of the inhabitants of the Czech Republic are Czechs As the 'nationality' was an optional item, a substantial number of people left this field blank There were , 4.

Most of the foreign population lives in Prague The Jewish population of Bohemia and Moravia, , according to the census, was virtually annihilated by the Nazi Germans during the Holocaust.

At the turn of the 20th century, Chicago was the city with the third largest Czech population, [] after Prague and Vienna.

Christianization in the 9th and 10th centuries introduced Catholicism. Taborites and Utraquists were major Hussite groups. Following the joint Utraquist—Catholic victory, Utraquism was accepted as a distinct form of Christianity to be practiced in Bohemia by the Catholic Church while all remaining Hussite groups were prohibited.

In the wake of the Reformation, Utraquist Hussites took a renewed increasingly anti-Catholic stance, while some of the defeated Hussite factions notably Taborites were revived.

After the Habsburgs regained control of Bohemia, the whole population was forcibly converted to Catholicism—even the Utraquist Hussites.

Going forward, Czechs have become more wary and pessimistic of religion as such. A long history of resistance to the Catholic Church followed.

It suffered a schism with the neo-Hussite Czechoslovak Hussite Church in , lost the bulk of its adherents during the Communist era and continues to lose in the modern, ongoing secularization.

Protestantism never recovered after the Counter-Reformation was introduced by the Austrian Habsburgs in Education in the Czech Republic is compulsory for 9 years and citizens have access to a tuition-free university education , while the average number of years of education is Healthcare in the Czech Republic is similar in quality to other developed nations.

The Czech universal health care system is based on a compulsory insurance model , with fee-for-service care funded by mandatory employment-related insurance plans.

Theodoric of Prague was the most famous Czech painter in the Gothic era. For example, he decorated the castle Karlstejn.

At the end of the century came a wave of Art Nouveau. Alfons Mucha became the main representative. He is today the most famous Czech painter.

The 20th century brought avant-garde revolution. The Czech Republic is known worldwide for its individually made, mouth blown and decorated Bohemian glass.

The earliest preserved stone buildings in Bohemia and Moravia date back to the time of the Christianization in the 9th and 10th century.

Since the Middle Ages, the Czech lands have been using the same architectural styles as most of Western and Central Europe. The oldest still standing churches were built in the Romanesque style St.

George's Basilica , St. Vitus Cathedral , St. During the Hussite wars , many of them were damaged or destroyed.

An example of the pure Renaissance architecture in Bohemia is the Queen Anne's Summer Palace , which was situated in a newly established garden of Prague Castle.

In the 17th century, the Baroque style spread throughout the Crown of Bohemia. Very outstanding are the architectural projects of the Czech nobleman and imperial generalissimo Albrecht von Wallenstein from the s Wallenstein Palace.

His architects Andrea Spezza and Giovanni Pieroni reflected the most recent Italian production and were very innovative at the same time.

In the first third of the 18th century the Bohemian lands were one of the leading artistic centers of the Baroque style.

In Bohemia there was completed the development of the Radical Baroque style created in Italy by Francesco Borromini and Guarino Guarini in a very original way.

In the 18th century Bohemia produced an architectural peculiarity — the Baroque Gothic style , a synthesis of the Gothic and Baroque styles.

This was not a simple return to Gothic details, but rather an original Baroque transformation. During the 19th century, the revival architectural styles were very popular in the Bohemian monarchy.

Peter and Paul in Brno. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries the new art style appeared in the Czech lands — Art Nouveau.

Bohemia contributed an unusual style to the world's architectural heritage when Czech architects attempted to transpose the Cubism of painting and sculpture into architecture House of the Black Madonna.

During the first years of the independent Czechoslovakia after , a specifically Czech architectural style, called Rondo-Cubism , came into existence.

Together with the pre-war Czech Cubist architecture it is unparalleled elsewhere in the world. The first Czechoslovak president T.

Between World Wars I and II, Functionalism , with its sober, progressive forms, took over as the main architectural style in the newly established Czechoslovak Republic.

In the city of Brno, one of the most impressive functionalist works has been preserved — Villa Tugendhat , designed by the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

Hotel International in Prague is a brilliant example of the so-called Socialist realism , the Stalinistic art style of the s.

The Czechoslovak avant-garde artistic movement known as the Brussels style named after the Brussels World's Fair Expo 58 became popular in the time of political liberalization of Czechoslovakia in the s.

Even today, the Czech Republic is not shying away from the most modern trends of international architecture.

In a strict sense, Czech literature is the literature written in the Czech language. A more liberal definition incorporates all literary works written in the Czech lands regardless of language.

Thus Franz Kafka , who—while bilingual in Czech and German [] [] —wrote his works The Trial , The Castle in German, during the era of Austrian rule, can represent the Czech , German or Austrian literature depending on the point of view.

Bible translations played an important role in the development of Czech literature and the standard Czech language. The oldest Czech translation of the Psalms originated in the late 13th century and the first complete Czech translation of the Bible was finished around The first complete printed Czech Bible was published in Prague Bible.

The first complete Czech Bible translation from the original languages was published between and and is known as the Bible of Kralice.

The Codex Gigas from the 12th century is the largest extant medieval manuscript in the world. The Czech Republic has the densest network of libraries in Europe.

Czech literature and culture played a major role on at least two occasions when Czechs lived under oppression and political activity was suppressed.

On both of these occasions, in the early 19th century and then again in the s, the Czechs used their cultural and literary effort to strive for political freedom, establishing a confident, politically aware nation.

The musical tradition of the Czech lands arose from first church hymns, whose first evidence is suggested at the break of 10th and 11th century. In , in the beginning of the Czechoslovak state, the song was discussed as one of the possible choices for the national anthem.

The wealth of musical culture in the Czech Republic lies in the long-term high-culture classical music tradition during all historical periods, especially in the Baroque , Classicism , Romantic, modern classical music and in the traditional folk music of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

Since the early era of artificial music, Czech musicians and composers have often been influenced the folk music of the region and dances e. Czech music can be considered to have been beneficial in both the European and worldwide context, several times co-determined or even determined a newly arriving era in musical art, [] above all of Classical era, as well as by original attitudes in Baroque , Romantic and modern classical music.

The most famous music festival in the country is Prague Spring International Music Festival of classical music, a permanent showcase for outstanding performing artists, symphony orchestras and chamber music ensembles of the world.

The roots of Czech theatre can be found in the Middle Ages, especially in cultural life of gothic period.

In the 19th century, the theatre played an important role in the national awakening movement and later, in the 20th century it became a part of the modern European theatre art.

Original Czech cultural phenomenon came into being at the end of the s. This project called Laterna magika The Magic Lantern was the brainchild of renowned film and theater director Alfred Radok , resulting in productions that combined theater, dance and film in a poetic manner, considered the first multimedia art project in international context.

The tradition of Czech cinematography started in the second half of the s. However, dramatic movies were more internationally successful.

Another Czech cultural phenomenon came into being at the end of the s. This project called Laterna magika "The Magic Lantern" , resulting in productions that combined theater, dance and film in a poetic manner, considered the first multimedia art project in international context mentioned also in Theatre section above.

The hallmark of the films of this movement were long, often improvised dialogues , black and absurd humor and the occupation of non-actors.

Directors are trying to preserve natural atmosphere without refinement and artificial arrangement of scenes. He is a self-labeled surrealist known for his animations and features, which have greatly influenced many artists worldwide.

The Czech Lion is the highest Czech award for film achievement. The Barrandov Studios in Prague are the largest film studios in country and one of the largest in Europe with many many popular film locations in the country.

Karlovy Vary International Film Festival is one of the oldest in the world and has become Central and Eastern Europe's leading film event.

Since the Czech Republic is a democratic republic, journalists and media enjoy a great degree of freedom. There are restrictions only against writing in support of Nazism , racism or violating Czech law.

The most watched main news program is TV Nova. Newspapers are quite popular in the Czech Republic. The best-selling daily national newspapers are Blesk average 1.

The Czech Game of the Year Awards are held annually to recognize accomplishments in video game development. Czech cuisine is marked by a strong emphasis on meat dishes.

Pork is quite common; beef and chicken are also popular. Goose, duck, rabbit and venison are served. Fish is less common, with the occasional exception of fresh trout and carp , which is served at Christmas.

Czech beer has a long and important history. The first brewery is known to have existed in and the Czech Republic has the highest beer consumption per capita in the world.

Apart from these and other major brands, the Czech Republic also has a growing number of small breweries and mini-breweries. Aside from slivovitz , Czech beer and wine, the Czechs also produce two unique liquors , Fernet Stock and Becherovka.

Kofola is a non-alcoholic domestic cola soft drink which competes with Coca-Cola and Pepsi in popularity. Sports play a part in the life of many Czechs, who are generally loyal supporters of their favorite teams or individuals.

The two leading sports in the Czech Republic are ice hockey and football. The many other sports with professional leagues and structures include basketball, volleyball, team handball , track and field athletics and floorball.

The country has won 14 gold medals in summer plus 49 as Czechoslovakia and five gold medals plus two as Czechoslovakia in winter Olympic history.

Czech hockey school has a good reputation. The Czech ice hockey team won the gold medal at the Winter Olympics and has won twelve gold medals at the World Championships including 6 as Czechoslovakia , including three straight from to The Czechoslovakia national football team was a consistent performer on the international scene, with eight appearances in the FIFA World Cup Finals, finishing in second place in and The team also won the European Football Championship in , came in third in and won the Olympic gold in After dissolution of Czechoslovakia, the Czech national football team finished in second and third place at the European Football Championship.

Czech Republic women's national basketball team won the EuroBasket Women. Czechoslovakia national basketball team won EuroBasket It will take place in Prague for the Group Phase matches.

Czech Republic hosted the EuroBasket Women recently. MTX automobile company was formerly engaged in the manufacture of racing and formula cars since Czech Republic MotoGP is the most famous motor race in the country.

Sport is a source of strong waves of patriotism, usually rising several days or weeks before an event. Czechs are also generally keen on engaging in sports activities themselves.

One of the most popular sports Czechs do is hiking, mainly in the mountains. The word for "tourist" in the Czech language, turista , also means "trekker" or "hiker".

For hikers, thanks to the more than year-old tradition, there is a Czech Hiking Markers System of trail blazing , that has been adopted by countries worldwide.

The most significant sports venues are Eden Arena e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Tschechien.

Country in Central Europe. For other uses, see Czechia disambiguation and Czech Republic disambiguation. Greater coat of arms.

The question is rhetorical , implying "those places where my homeland lies". Code 42 was shared with Slovakia until Main article: Name of the Czech Republic.

Historical affiliations. Main article: History of the Czech lands. Maximum Celtic expansion by the s BCE. Areas that remain Celtic-speaking today.

Main article: Bohemia. Main article: History of Czechoslovakia. Main articles: Velvet Revolution and Dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

Main article: Geography of the Czech Republic. Berounka river valley in western Bohemia. Beskids mountains in eastern Moravia. Humid continental climate.

Oceanic climate. Subarctic climate. European eagle-owl , a protected predator. Fire salamander , a common amphibian in humid forests.

Red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris , a protected animal. Summer cep occurs in deciduous oak forests. Straka Academy , seat of the Government. Thun Palace, seat of the Chamber of Deputies.

Wallenstein Palace , seat of the Senate. Main article: Foreign relations of the Czech Republic. Main article: Army of the Czech Republic.

Main article: Economy of the Czech Republic. Main article: Energy in the Czech Republic. Main article: Transport in the Czech Republic.

Main article: Internet in the Czech Republic. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section is in list format, but may read better as prose.

You can help by converting this section , if appropriate. Editing help is available. January Main article: Tourism in the Czech Republic.

Main article: Demographics of the Czech Republic. Religion in the Czech Republic [6] Undeclared. Main article: Education in the Czech Republic.

Main article: Healthcare in the Czech Republic. Main article: Culture of the Czech Republic. Main article: Czech architecture.

Main article: Czech literature. Main articles: Music of the Czech Lands and Moravian traditional music. The National Theatre left and the Estates Theatre right.

Main article: Theatre of the Czech Republic. Main article: Cinema of the Czech Republic. Main article: Video gaming in the Czech Republic.

Main article: Czech cuisine. Czech Cuisine. A mug of Pilsner Urquell , the first pilsner type of pale lager beer, brewed since Baked duck with sauerkraut.

Easter bread baked during the celebrations of Easter. Main article: Sport in the Czech Republic. Czech Republic portal. Czech Republic — Official website.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 14 November Article 25 of the Czech Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms ensures the right of the national and ethnic minorities to education and communication with the authorities in their own language.

Act No. The Administrative Rule in its paragraph 16 4 Procedural Language ensures that a citizen of the Czech Republic who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on a long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, has the right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority.

If the administrative agency has no employee with knowledge of the language, the agency is bound to obtain a translator at the agency's own expense.

According to Act No. Archived PDF from the original on 9 August Retrieved 2 September Archived from the original on 12 January Czech Statistical Office.

Archived from the original PDF on 21 February Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 29 May Retrieved on 19 December International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2 November Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 3 July United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 13 September Countries — 7. Designations and abbreviations to use".

Publications Office. Archived from the original on 20 October Retrieved 31 January Unterhalb des Autobahnnetzes existiert ein über Autofahrer sind verpflichtet, eine Autobahnvignette zu kaufen, die von innen an die Windschutzscheibe geklebt werden muss.

Der Schienenverkehr in Tschechien hat eine jährige Tradition. Beim Stand von ist das Streckennetz mit 9. Bedingt durch die Lage in Mitteleuropa, ist die Tschechische Republik zu einem wichtigen Transitland geworden.

Durch das Staatsgebiet führen verschiedene EuroCity -Korridore z. Die meisten Strecken werden im Halbstunden-, Stunden- oder Zweistundentakt befahren.

Seit verkehrt der Railjet von Prag nach Wien und Graz. Teilweise ist auch ein fünfter Korridor im Gespräch, der über die Bahnstrecke Praha—Turnov und von Turnov weiter nach Liberec führen soll.

Die meisten Hauptstädte der Regionen können über Sportflugplätze angeflogen werden. Insgesamt gibt es in Tschechien 91 zivile Flugplätze. In Tschechien ist der Wasserverkehr auf den Flüssen Elbe und Moldau und auf geschlossenen Wasserflächen Stauseen und Seen , die für die Schifffahrt geeignet sind, nur zum Teil erschlossen.

Dieses In kleineren Städten fahren nur Busse beziehungsweise O-Busse. Die Preise der Fahrkarten sind in den einzelnen Städten unterschiedlich; Senioren fahren überall kostenlos.

Fahrkarten werden an Schaltern, Automaten und teilweise in den Fahrzeugen selbst angeboten. Beim Betreten der Verkehrsmittel müssen die Tickets in der Regel sofort entwertet werden.

Eine Anzahl europäischer Radwege durchquert Tschechien. Viele Radwege führen durch hügeliges Terrain, wie etwa die vielen Routen im Böhmerwald, die weiter in den Bayerischen Wald führen.

Fahrradfahren ist in Tschechien weit verbreitet, in den letzten Jahren wurde daher intensiv an einem nationalen Radnetz gearbeitet. Eine landesweit einheitliche Ausschilderung mit gelben Radweg-Schildern und nummerierten Radwegen ist Fahrradtouristen sehr hilfreich.

Bei der Rangliste der Pressefreiheit , welche von Reporter ohne Grenzen herausgegeben wird, belegte Tschechien Platz 23 von Ländern. Über insgesamt 3.

Das tschechische Postleitzahlensystem besteht in seiner heutigen Form seit Das Schulwesen ist in Tschechien dreistufig organisiert. Nach der fünften oder siebten Klasse kann jedoch nach einer Aufnahmeprüfung in ein acht- beziehungsweise sechsjähriges Gymnasium gewechselt werden.

Daneben gibt es das vierjährige Oberstufengymnasium. Das Gymnasium wird mit der Matura maturita abgeschlossen, die zum Hochschulstudium berechtigt.

Die Hochschulbildung gliedert sich in die drei Stufen Bakkalaureat , Master - bzw. Magisterstudium und Doktorat.

Die älteste und mit Hier sind architektonisch bedeutsame Bauten aus den verschiedenen Epochen der europäischen Kulturgeschichte vereint. Die Stadtplätze von Slavonice oder Prachatice sind von diesem Stil geprägt.

Dem Historismus ist die Generation des Nationaltheaters zuzuordnen. Diese spezifische Richtung entwickelte sich zu einer Art Nationalarchitektur und brachte die Sonderform des Rondokubismus hervor.

Sie wurde in den er Jahren jedoch von der funktionalistischen Architektur abgelöst. Mit der Architektur der kommunistischen Zeit werden oft Plattenbauten assoziiert, sie ist umstritten.

Das bekannteste Bauwerk der Zeit nach ist das Tanzende Haus. Das älteste erhaltene romanische Fresko befindet sich in der Znaimer Katharinenrotunde.

Unter Karl IV. Jahrhunderts werden deshalb als böhmische Malerschule bezeichnet. Peter Parler wirkte zu dieser Zeit als Bildhauer und Dombaumeister.

Alfons Mucha ist ein weltbekannter Vertreter des Jugendstils, der hauptsächlich für seine charakteristische Plakatkunst , aber auch für das Monumentalwerk Das Slawische Epos mit Szenen aus der slawischen Geschichte berühmt ist.

Otto Gutfreund schuf kubistische Plastiken. Daraus entwickelte sich die alttschechische Sprache, die im Mittelalter neben Latein und Deutsch zur Literatursprache in Böhmen und Mähren aufstieg.

Die ersten Belege für alttschechische Literatur stammen aus dem Jan Hus führte die diakritischen Zeichen in der tschechischen Sprache ein.

Die Kralitzer Bibelübersetzung aus dem Ende des Die tschechische Moderne greift die zahlreichen literarischen Strömungen auf, die um die Jahrhundertwende in Europa entstehen.

Die Entstehung der Tschechoslowakei belebte den Kulturbetrieb enorm. Seit ist die freie Literaturproduktion wieder möglich. Das älteste musikalische Dokument auf tschechischem Gebiet ist das geistliche Lied Hospodine, pomiluj ny Herr, erbarme dich , das in die Wende vom Jahrhundert datiert.

Der alttschechische St. Jahrhundert ruft den heiligen Wenzel als Fürsprecher an und fungierte bis ins Jahrhundert als Nationalhymne.

Die zwei weltbekannten tschechischen Komponisten lebten beide im Von internationaler Bedeutung ist das jährliche klassische Musikfestival Prager Frühling.

Der Filmsektor ist in Tschechien stark entwickelt. Alljährlich findet das Internationale Filmfestival Karlovy Vary statt. Die Küche in Böhmen und Mähren gilt als deftig und reichhaltig.

Einen wichtigen Stellenwert haben die böhmischen Mehlspeisen , die auch in die österreichische Küche Eingang gefunden haben.

Bier gilt als Nationalgetränk. Tatsächlich ist der Bierkonsum in Tschechien weltweit am höchsten, das Bierbrauen hat eine jahrhundertealte Tradition.

Weltweit bekannte Marken sind Pilsner Urquell und Budweiser. Besonders in Mähren wird auch Weinbau betrieben. Bekannte Spirituosen sind Sliwowitz und Becherovka.

In Tschechien sind mehrere historische Gedenktage zu staatlichen Feiertagen erklärt worden. September, der Tag der Entstehung des tschechoslowakischen Staates am Oktober und der Tag des Kampfes für Freiheit und Demokratie am Bis auf den Karfreitag, den Ostermontag und die Weihnachtsfeiertage Dezember sind die christlichen Feiertage in Tschechien nicht arbeitsfrei.

Der wichtigste Sport auch als Nationalsport bezeichnet ist Eishockey. Harrachov und Liberec sind internationale Zentren nordischer Sportarten.

Hier fand im Februar der Biathlon-Weltcup statt. Die erste Liga umfasst 16 Mannschaften. Von dort steigen dementsprechend zwei Teams in die 1. Liga auf.

Die dritthöchste Spielklasse ist zweigeteilt. Der jeweilige Meister der beiden dritten Ligen steigt in die zweite Liga auf. Es muss also noch eine zusätzliche Mannschaft absteigen.

Der Unterbau des dritten Levels ist fünfgeteilt. In Most besteht eine Rennstrecke Autodrom Most. Die wird international vor allem für die Truck Race Serie sowie zum Teil auch für Tourenwagen genützt.

Von internationaler Bedeutung ist das alljährlich stattfindende Pferderennen von Pardubice. Karte Tschechiens mit den regionalen Verwaltungseinheiten Kraje und dem höchsten Berg.

Siehe auch : Liste von Bergen und Erhebungen in Tschechien. Siehe auch : Liste der Flüsse in Tschechien.

Siehe auch : Liste der Städte in Tschechien. Siehe auch : Weinbau in Tschechien. Siehe auch : Liste von Burgen und Schlössern in Tschechien.

Siehe auch : Eishockey in Tschechien. Siehe auch : Liste der Skigebiete in Tschechien. Abgerufen am 5. April PDF Bertelsmann Stiftung, abgerufen am Juli englisch.

PDF UN, abgerufen am September englisch. Februar pewglobal. September ]. Abgerufen am Juli Januar , abgerufen am 5.

August August PDF. Ein Land und seine Namen. In: Walter Koschmal Hrsg. Geschichte, Kultur, Politik. PDF Abgerufen am In: Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Urgeschichte 19, , S.

Voting to Become Citizens. In: data. Februar , abgerufen am Westview Press Boulder, Colorado, , S. In: Spiegel Online. Dezember Conflict of Compromise?

Rouledge, , S. Kaiser: Czechoslovakia: the Desintegration of a Binational State. In: Graham Smith Hrsg. State, Ethnicity, Indigenism and Citizenship.

World Scientific Publishing, Singapure , S. In: www. Februar ]. Eurostat , Februar , abgerufen am 3. September Abgerufen am 8. August amerikanisches Englisch.

Abgerufen am 6. August englisch. Oktober amerikanisches Englisch.

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